The Fourth World Journal is the Bi-annually interdisciplinary Journal of the NISWASS published from Bhubaneswar in the months of April and October every year. Original contributions on themes of national and international importance falling under the broad area of marginalized people are invited from scholars and practitioners. It is presumed that an article submitted to the Fourth World is original, and has not been under the consideration of any another journal, except in exceptional circumstances, where the author desires to be republished. In general, the articles should be 5000-8000 words including notes and references.

We also invite provocative and shorter essays (1500-2000 words) for conclusion in the notes and comments section. When an abbreviation is used, it should be spelt out in full the first time. We also accept review articles assessing a number of recent books on particular subjects and book reviews. All articles should have an abstract of not more than 150 words. The name of the author, institutional affiliation and complete address including email should be supplied. British spellings should be used throughout the manuscript. All the authors will be informed about the status of the submissions within a week. We encourage authors to rework and resubmit their papers after peer review within a time frame of a month.



            The purpose of citation is to indicate clearly the sources from which

  • You rely on factual information or data.
  • You need to quote verbatim.
  • You use others ideas, interpretations, analyses or conclusions even if you summarize or paraphrase in your own language.
  • You organize or structure your argument using somebody else’s distinctive structure, style or method.
  • You state in passing another person’s work.

When in doubt, cite – over-citation is better than under-citation. The key to effective citation is to give the reader enough information to locate the source in clear and consistent manner.




Among many recognized styles, we recommend the author-year style of in-text referencing, where you indicate in the text itself not only the name of the source author but also the year in which the source was published. The author’s name may appear in the sentence itself or in parentheses; the year of publication always appears in parentheses.


A key role of the State is said to be to regulate the conflicts between them, in order to realize ‘national interest’ (Miliband 1977).


Miliband (1977) argues that a key role of the State is to regulate the conflicts between them in order to realize ‘national interest’.

In case you are quoting or citing from a specific page or page range, use one of the following formats:

Mattoo and Subramanian expressed India’s position at Doha to be ‘characteristically but perhaps not unjustifiably defensive’, and recommended a proactive stance at future negotiations (Mattoo and Subramanian 2003: 328).

Once again, in a reverse manner, ethnic conflicts broke out in Bhutan in 1990 as a result of exclusivist Drupka ethno-nationalism, bent on turning Bhutan into a mono-ethnic polity (Baral 1996; Phadnis 1990: 39-40, 79-80, 125-129).

If, however, you have more than one author in your reference list with the same surname, then it is advisable to use the full name and year in parentheses, e.g.

Debraj Ray (1998), Rajat Ray (1990).

If a source has two authors, mention all the names in the signal phrase in your sentence or put them in your parenthetic citation, e.g., Dasgupta and Stiglitz (1980) OR (Dasgupta and Stiglitz 1980)

If a source has more than two authors, use the first surname with et al (“and others”) in your citation.

All notes and references should be alphabetized (A-Z) and placed at the end of the article rather than on each page. References to books should include author, year of publication, title (italicized), place of publication, name of the publisher (in that order). Note that it is a list of “references” and NOT a “bibliography”. Therefore, you should not include any source that is not cited either in the text or in the footnotes.




Books: Currie, Bob.2000. “The politics of Hunger in India”. Chennai: Macmillan India Ltd.

Articles: Ahluwalia D. 1993 Public Distribution of Food in India: Coverage, Targeting and Leakages. Food Policy. 1*(2): 33-54.

Chapter within Books: Kumar Anand, 2003. ‘Political Sociology of Poverty in India: Between politics of poverty and poverty of politics’ in A.K.Meheta (ed) Poverty in India.IIPA Publication, New Delhi, p.144-196).

Report: Orissa Human Development Report, 2004, Government of Odisha publication.

Newspaper: Reddy Rammanohar, C.2003. Editorial, ‘Right to Food’ the Hindu, January 18.

Ethical Practices: We emphasis on the authors to adhere to ethical practices during their research and in their writing to avoid plagiarism, misrepresentation, manipulation of data. It is the authors’ responsibility to ensure that permission has been taken for any copyrighted material being used. Responsibility also lies with the author to mention funding sources, acknowledgements and any conflict of interest as an addendum to the paper.

Submissions and Queries: Papers can be sent as word documents in Times New Roman font with the font size 12 with 1.5 space margin. This may be sent to the Editor, The Fourth World, NISWASS, 3, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar-751023, Odisha. Authors are particularly encouraged to send their articles as email attachments to for quicker processing.

Book Review: Authors who want their books to be reviewed can write to the above mail id for further information.